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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Koehler: Let us peacefully pursue justice, rather than destruction
Monday, 01 June 2020
PEORIA – In response to the eruption of violence throughout the Peoria area last night, State Senator Dave Koehler (D-Peoria) released the...

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IMAGE Glowiak Hilton: New money for small business programs available
Monday, 01 June 2020
WESTERN SPRINGS – With small businesses struggling to cope with the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic, State Senator Suzy Glowiak Hilton...

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IMAGE Morrison supports grants for child care providers
Monday, 01 June 2020
DEERFIELD — After hearing concerns from child care providers about the financial impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on them, Senator Julie...

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IMAGE Sims Statement on Protests in Chicago
Sunday, 31 May 2020
CHICAGO— State Senator Elgie R. Sims Jr. (D-Chicago) released the following statement after protests and riots in Chicago and across the country...

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IMAGE Belt supports new education package
Friday, 29 May 2020
EAST ST. LOUIS - In order to continue to make students and teachers educational experience from home easier, State Senator Christopher Belt,...

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