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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE McGuire’s competency-based education measure becomes law
Friday, 29 June 2018
SPRINGFIELD — State Senator Pat McGuire (D-Crest Hill) today announced his legislation expanding competency-based education to more students...

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IMAGE Bertino-Tarrant passes new law to combat teacher shortage
Friday, 29 June 2018
PLAINFIELD – School districts across Illinois will have additional tools to combat the national teacher shortage thanks to a new law championed...

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IMAGE Collins questions CPS on sexual abuse allegations against staff
Wednesday, 20 June 2018
SPRINGFIELD – State Senator Jacqueline Collins (D-Chicago) joined members of the Illinois Senate Education Committee in a public hearing in...

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IMAGE Van Pelt on governor’s claims: I have my doubts
Wednesday, 20 June 2018
CHICAGO – State Senator Patricia Van Pelt of Chicago reacted to Governor Bruce Rauner’s assertion yesterday that he has done more for...

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IMAGE Sandoval to Trump: Reunite parents with children immediately
Wednesday, 20 June 2018
CHICAGO – State Senator Martin A. Sandoval (D-Chicago) has urged President Donald Trump to bring an immediate end to the separation of children...

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