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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Collins’ new law creates council to fight discrimination against women
Monday, 20 August 2018
SPRINGFIELD – To fight the systemic barriers facing women and girls in work, education and life, legislation by State Senator Jacqueline...

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IMAGE Tom Cullerton supports new law to end hunger
Monday, 20 August 2018
VILLA PARK— State agencies now have an easier path to donating food to local food pantries, soup kitchens and non-profit organizations thanks...

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IMAGE New law by Hunter expands influenza research and prevention
Monday, 20 August 2018
SPRINGFIELD – Students and parents will now have more access to research and prevention materials regarding influenza, thanks to a new law...

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IMAGE Morrison law will study chemicals in wastewater, offer suggestions for remediation
Monday, 20 August 2018
SPRINGFIELD – A proposal passed by State Senator Julie Morrison (D-Deerfield) to study chemicals found in wastewater effluent and recommended...

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IMAGE Lightford law prohibits cuts to child care assistance through administrative rule
Monday, 20 August 2018
SPRINGFIELD – A proposal sponsored by Assistant Majority Leader Kimberly A. Lightford (D-Maywood) that aims to protect access to child care for...

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