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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Tom Cullerton passes measure to make medical visits easier for individuals with disabilities
Thursday, 18 April 2019
VILLA PARK – Medical professionals may soon have access to training to help ensure individuals with developmental disabilities are as comfortable...

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IMAGE Holmes measure updates animal welfare law for shelters, foster groups
Wednesday, 17 April 2019
SPRINGFIELD – State Senator Linda Holmes (D-Aurora) has passed legislation in the Senate to address a number of issues regarding animal shelters...

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IMAGE Lightford measure lowers required school age to 5
Wednesday, 17 April 2019
SPRINGFIELD – Children could soon be required to start school at age 5 under a proposal spearheaded by Majority Leader Kimberly A. Lightford...

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IMAGE Legislation bringing regional parity to tollway board passes Senate
Tuesday, 16 April 2019
SPRINGFIELD – Legislation that would require greater regional representation on the Illinois Tollway Board has passed the Illinois Senate. “I...

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IMAGE Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago to receive $1.5 million grant
Monday, 15 April 2019
CHICAGO--Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago is the recipient of a $1.5 million grant for energy improvements, State Senator...

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