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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Rauner finally signs two Cullerton bills aimed at saving veterans
Tuesday, 17 July 2018
SPRINGFIELD – After months of waiting, Gov. Bruce Rauner finally signed two new state laws sponsored by State Senator Tom Cullerton (D-Villa...

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IMAGE Cullerton: Rauner has endangered Illinois voters
Tuesday, 17 July 2018
VILLA PARK – Gov. Rauner took steps today to endanger Illinois voter’s personal information. Rauner vetoed Senate Bill 2273 which would...

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IMAGE Aquino: Rauner’s voter protection is an assault on minority voting rights
Tuesday, 17 July 2018
SPRINGFIELD – Governor Rauner vetoed legislation today that would end Illinois’ participation in the controversial Interstate Voter...

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IMAGE Collins: Governor’s Crosscheck veto hurts all Illinoisans
Tuesday, 17 July 2018
CHICAGO – Today the governor rejected legislation co-sponsored by State Senator Jacqueline Collins (D-Chicago) that would have ended...

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IMAGE Hastings: Rauner’s veto shows he doesn’t value voter protections
Tuesday, 17 July 2018
TINLEY PARK – Gov. Bruce Rauner put the personal information of all Illinois voters at risk on Tuesday by vetoing a measure which would have...

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